New Zealand Flax
New Zealand flax (Phormium tenax)
- Plant to 2 m (6 ft) tall, with smooth, leathery, sword-shaped leaves that grow clumped in a fan shape
- Native to New Zealand, introduced as an ornamental in the late 1800’s, introduced to Molokai in late 1960s-early 1970s
- Crowds out other vegetation and blocks sunlight
- Plants may have as many as 10,000 seeds/flower that spread with the wind
- Also produces clones, which sprout up and spread out
- Known pest on St. Helena Island
- Kauai: Present in landscaped areas.
- Oahu: Present in landscaped areas.
- Maui: Present in landscaped areas.
- Molokai: Present in native high-elevation ohia-uluhe rainforest in Kamakou Reserve, Puu Kauwa, Molokai Forest. MoMISC is working to control this pest where possible.
- Big Island: Present in landscaped areas.