Hoʻāla Loko Iʻa
In 2012, a group of government agencies and nonprofit organizations committed to streamlining the permitting process for the restoration of traditional Hawaiian fishpond systems. DLNR has partnered with Honua Consulting to develop a State Programmatic General Permit that will meet the needs of both practitioners and federal and state regulatory agencies. More information is available on OCCL’s Current Applications page.
The anticipated timeline for the project is:
October 23, 2013: Publication of the Loko Iʻa Final Environmental Assessment
Nov 2013: Submission of materials to U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
January 2014: Publish Conservation District Use Application ST-3703
February 2014: Statewide Public Hearings
Preparation of Programmatic Agreement with Corps of Engineers
March 2014: Present CDUA to Board of Land and Natural Resources
May 2014: Present final project at Loko Iʻa Practitioners’ Conference
Waikīkī Beach Restoration
Since 1985 the Waikīkī shoreline has experienced significant beach loss due to long-term chronic erosion. The State has recognized that given the chronic erosion potential simply importing sand is not a permanent solution. There is a need to develop a program for regular beach maintenance using nearshore sand as a means for periodic beach nourishment. This “recycling” program offers a more efficient method for maintaining a recreational beach while mitigating some of the environmental effects of imported sand to the Waikīkī ecosystem over the past sixty-plus years.
Waikīkī Beach Maintenance Final Report (2012)
Royal Hawaiian Beach: Replenishment, Monitoring, and History of Engineering (Interim Report, Year 1; June 2013)
Kūhiō Beach Improvements: Summary of Beach History and Engineering Design (Lemmo and Eversole, DLNR, 2005)
Waikīkī: Historical Analysis of an Engineered Shoreline (Miller and Fletcher, Journal of Coastal Research, 2003)
Waikīkī: History of its transformation form a natural to an urban shore (Wiegel, Shore & Beach, 2008)
A Review of Innovative Sediment Delivery Systems (US Army Corps of Engineers, September 2012)
Hawaiʻi Coastal Erosion Management Plan
Studies conducted at the University of Hawaii show that hardening the shoreline of Oahu where there is chronic coastal erosion causes beach narrowing and beach loss. Researchers have found that on Oahu 10.7 miles of beach has been narrowed by shoreline hardening and 6.4 miles has been lost. This is ~24% of the 71.6 miles of originally sandy shoreline on Oahu.
The Coastal Erosion Management Plan (COEMAP) provides a framework for community discussion and assessment of coastal erosion and beach loss in Hawaii. The objective of COEMAP, and the public dialogue it seeks to foster, is to outline socioeconomic and technical mechanisms for conserving and restoring Hawaii’s beaches in a framework of mitigating erosion impacts and reducing exposure to coastal hazards for future generations.
Coastal Data Program
Royal Hawaiian Groin
Kāʻanapali Beach Restoration
Poʻipū Beach Restoration
OCCL is proposing to change the state land use conservation district subzone of tax map key (TMK): (2) 5-1-006:156 at Pāpōhaku Beach, Kaluakoʻi, Moloka`i from the general subzone to the protective subzone.
Kailua Beach Management Plan
Open Ocean Mariculture
State Submerged Lands extend three miles out from the shoreline; mariculture operations in this area require a Conservation District Use Permit (CDUP) and Management Plan approved by the Board of Land and Natural Resources. OCCL is actively working to develop a consistent set of management, reporting, and permit criteria that can be applied state wide. The following agencies have current permits for facilities in Hawaiian waters:
Blue Ocean Mariculture (CDUP HA 3497) - located offshore of Unualoha Point, North Kona, Hawaiʻi. The permit allows for five pens totaling no more than 24, 000 cubic meters, and the cultivation of kāhala (almaco jack, Seriola rivoliana and amberjack, S. dumerili), mahi mahi (Coryphaena hippurus), ulua (giant trevally, Caranx ignobilis), and moi (Pacific threadfin, Polydactylus sexifilis). The only species currently cultivated in the ocean pens is S. rivoliana.
OCCL intends to use the Management Plan Reporting Requirements for HA-3497 as a template for future mariculture projects.
Hawaiʻi Oceanic Technology (CDUP HA-3495) – located offshore of Mālaʻe Point, North Kohala, Hawaiʻi. The permit allows for the deployment of twelve 54-meter diameter “oceanspheres” to cultivate ʻahi tuna (yellowfin, Thunnus albacores, and bigeye, T. obesus). The capacity of one sphere is estimated to be 1000 tons of `ahi per year. The first sphere has not yet been deployed as of January 2014.
A third company, Kona Blue Water Farms, operates outside of the State’s three-mile boundary, in waters under federal jurisdiction.
OCCL is monitoring the progress of two new astronomical facilities that have recently received permits from the Board of Land and Natural Resources: the Advanced Technology Solar Telescope (ATST) for the Haleakalā High Observatories Site on Maui, and the Thirty Meter Telescope (TMT) for the Mauna Kea Science Reserve on Hawaiʻi.
Mauna Kea Comprehensive Management Plan (January 2009)
TMT Final Environmental Impact Statement (April 26, 2010) (Volume 2, Volume 3)
TMT Conservation District Use Application (CDUA HA-3568, October 2010)
OCCL Staff Report on HA-3568 (February 25, 2011); Exhibits for HA-3568
TMT Findings of Fact, Conclusions of Law and Decision and Order (April 2013)
Haleakalā High Observatory Site Management Plan (June 8, 2010)
ATST Conservation District Use Application (MA-3542, March 2010); Appendix A
ATST Final Environmental Assessment (July 30, 2009) (Vol 2, Vol 3, Vol 4)
OCCL Staff Report on MA-3542 (December 1, 2010); Exhibits for MA-3542
ATST Findings of Fact, Conclusions of Law, Decision and Order (November 2012)