Predators such as feral cats, mongoose and rats eat ʻAlalā eggs and chicks.

Get the Facts About Rats from the US Fish and Wildlife Service.

Check out the American Bird Conservancy’s “Cats Indoors” campaign.

Learn more about mongoose from the Hawaiʻi Invasive Species Council invasive species profiles.



Like other native forest birds, ‘Alalā can get sick from avian malaria carried by mosquitoes, as well as from toxoplasmosis carried by feral cats and rats. Pox virus, transmitted by mosquitoes or through contact, can cause debilitating lesions.

Learn the basics about avian malaria in Hawaiʻi by clicking here. Also, here’s a great article on avian malaria and it’s impact in Hawaiʻi.

What is toxoplasmosis and how does it harm ʻAlalā? Click here to find out.


Loss of Hawaiian Forests

Forests that ‘Alalā once called home have been changed by human activities like development, agriculture, and ranching. Cattle, sheep, and pigs can consume and destroy understory plants.

Due to the loss of trees and understory shrubs, ‘Alalā have less food to eat and limited cover to hide from predators.