Ahupuaʻa ʻO Kahana State Park
Kahana Valley loi view

UPDATE:  10/30/20 - [OAHU] - The Wa'ahila Ridge State Recreation Area has on-going HECO work and access may be limited.  The Waahila Ridge Trail is CLOSED during weekdays and OPEN on the weekends.  The park area is OPEN during weekdays however the gates will remain CLOSED.  Access gates will be OPEN on the weekend.

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10/29/20 -  [KAUAI] - The Kalalau Trail is OPEN.

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10/26/20 - [OAHU] - Kaena Point State Park remains CLOSED to vehicle access on both sides (Keawaula & Mokuleia). - [MAUI] - Pua\'a Ka\'a Wayside and Wailua Lookout are OPEN.

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10/13/20 - New Park Fees Are In Effect! - Diamond Head State Monument remains CLOSED until further notice.

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9/30/10 - [HAWAII] - Coastal and beach State Parks are open as of Oct. 1, 2020.  This includes Hapuna Beach SRA, Kekaha Kai SP, Kiholo SPR (gates will be OPEN), and Mackenzie SRA.

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9/24/20 - [OAHU] - Starting Sept. 24th  groups of five people will be allowed in OPEN State Parks, as well as, State Beaches and Trails.  Canopy-type structures are not permitted at this time at State parks, beaches and trails. Diamond Head remains CLOSED. 

 

Ahupuaʻa ʻO Kahana State Park

UPDATE: 9/29/20 - Ahupuaʻa ʻO Kahana State Park is OPEN. Please help reduce the spread of Covid-19 by practicing social distancing and making responsible decisions. Stay safe and have fun! Aloha, State Parks

Hours

Daily 7:00 am to 6:45 pm

Entrance Fee None
Park Brochures
Trail Names
Camping

By Permit Only

  • Residents = $20 Per Night, Per Campsite
  • Non-Residents = $30 Per Night, Per Campsite
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Description

Ahupuaʻa ʻO Kahana State Park is located on the windward side of O’ahu, between Kane’ohe and Laʻie, and 26 miles from Honolulu. Kahana is a relatively unspoiled valley, and one of only a few publicly owned ahupuaʻa, or ancient Hawaiian land division, in the state.

An ahupuaʻa includes lands from the mountains to the sea (mauka-makai), encompassing all of the resource zones needed for subsistence. The ahupuaʻa of Kahana encompasses almost 5,300 acres, ranging from sea level at Kahana Bay to 2,670 feet at Puʻu Pauao on the crest of the Koʻolau mountains. Kahana is one of the wettest valleys on Oʻahu. Overcast skies and showers are frequent, with an average annual rainfall of 75″ along the coast to 300″ at the back of the valley. Temperatures can range from the mid-60s to the mid-80s.

Cultural Background

Kahana was a thriving fishing and farming community prior to Western contact. Those living in Kahana had an abundance of fresh water and fertile soil on the valley floor to cultivate kalo (taro), the staple crop. The loʻi (ponded fields of kalo) were irrigated by ʻauwai (ditches) that diverted water from the streams to the fields. Kahana Bay provided a wealth of fish and shellfish.

In the 19th Century, following the unification of the Hawaiian Islands by Kamehameha I, the population rapidly declined as a result of Western contact and the introduction of foreign diseases. Sugar cane cultivation and the use of the valley as a WWII jungle warfare training site, have altered the natural and cultural environment of Kahana.

The Living Park

The primary purpose of this park is to nurture and foster native Hawaiian cultural traditions and the cultural landscape of rural windward Oʻahu. Established as a “living park”, there are thirty-one families living in the ahupuaʻa of Kahana. These families assist with interpretive programs that share the Hawaiian values and lifestyle. If you have a group interested in a cultural program at the park, please call 237-7767.

Archaeology

There are extensive remnants of Hawaiian culture in the valley, including a heiau (religious temple), koʻa (fishing shrines), fishponds, house sites, stone-walled enclosures, ʻauwai (irrigation channels), agricultural terraces, walls and planting areas. While many of these sites are inaccessible to the public, Kapa’ele’ele Koʻa and Keaniani Kilo (lookout) are accessible via a trail on the west side of the valley mouth. From the kilo, the kilo iʻa, or fish watcher, spied schools of akule in the bay and signaled to valley residents who would collectively net them. Huilua Fishpond, the most impressive site in the valley, and presently under restoration, can be visited from the east side of the bay.

Trails

There are two hiking trails available to the public. Both are relatively easy walking, but trails may be muddy. No permits are required and detailed trail maps are available at the Orientation Center.

Kapa’ele’ele Ko’a and Keaniani Lookout Trail is a one mile long loop trail that begins at the Orientation Center and takes about one hour. The trail passes two cultural sites and offers stunning views of Kahana Bay.

Nakoa Trail is named for the koa trees found along this 2.5 mile loop trail through a tropical rain forest. The loop hike takes about 2 hours. The total length of the hike is 5 miles from the Orientation Center. The trailhead can be reached by following the main road up the valley. This trail crosses Kahana Stream twice. Fruit picking when in season.

Kahana Reports

Curt Cottrell’s Memo (February 20, 2019)

Ahupua’a ‘o Kahana State Park Background Information and Recent Planning Initiatives (Townscape 2018)

Supplemental Report (State Parks 2019)

Appendix to Supplemental Report (State Parks 2019)