Hypostomus sp. – watawata group (Suckermouth Catfish)
- Description: Body is covered with armored plates with a suckermouth that enables fish to anchor to the substrate and graze on submerged objects.
- Native Range: South America.
- Introduction: Likely introduced by aquarium release in the 1980s-1990s. Found in streams throughout O‘ahu, including Kalihi, Mānoa, Wiawa, lower Kalihi, lower Kamooalii (Kāne‘ohe), lower Kawa, and lowest Nuuanu Streams. Also found in Maui in Kanaha Pond.
- Ecology and Behavior: Burrows into substrate to create holes in which to lay eggs.
- Impacts: Known to degrade habitats by digging holes in reservoir and stream banks, which causes erosion and increases silt in streams. Competes for space and resources with native stream species.
Reference: Matthew Neilson. 2017. Hypostomus sp. (watwata group). USGS Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database, Gainesville, FL.
https://nas.er.usgs.gov/queries/factsheet.aspx?SpeciesID=763 Revision Date: 10/22/2013