Africanized Honey Bee
Also known as the “killer bee” in the mainland U.S., the Africanized honey bee (AHB), Apis mellifera scutellata, looks just like the domestic honey bee. Originally from Africa, the AHB was introduced into Brazil, South America in 1956. It escaped the following year and has been migrating north since then. In 1990, the AHB entered Texas and today it is well-established in the southern portions of Texas, Arizona, New Mexico and California, where it entered in 1994. Today, it occupies most of southern California. Unlike the domesticated European honey bee, the AHB is a “wild” bee that is not comfortable around people or animals, and will readily defend its hive at greater distances from the disturbance, become more upset with less reason, and sting in much greater numbers. Some individuals have been stung hundreds of times in only a few moments. In isolated instances, people and animals have been stung to death, primarily by not being able to get away from the bees quickly enough.
The AHB is primarily a public safety threat, especially in Hawaii where our yearround mild climate is sure to favor the development of many hives throughout our lowlands where our residential communities and tourist areas are found. If it were to become established and be difficult to control, it could seriously impact Hawaii’s communities, businesses, and tourism. AHB could also impact commercial beekeepers, resulting in reduced yields to melon and other crops that rely on pollination. It could also impact honey and queen bee production in the State by infiltrating domestic honey bee colonies.
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