FY21 Funded Projects

 

FY21 Funded Proposals

The HISC annually requests proposals from government agencies within the State of Hawaii, including the University of Hawaii system, and county and federal partners, for projects that address interagency invasive species issues. HISC-funded projects complement existing programs within state agencies and are those that:

 
  1. Fill gaps between agency mandates or existing agency programs, and/or
  2. Advance our collective knowledge through research and development of new tools.

 

The legislature appropriated $5,750,000 to the HISC for FY21. Of this total, % ($) was restricted by the Department of Budget and Finance, and % ($) was allocated as overhead to the DLNR Division of Forestry and Wildlife as the administrative host of the HISC. The HISC Support Program budget (including temporary staff positions, supplies, web application development for an online pest reporting system, and other programmatic costs) totaled $439,943.

For the remaining grant funds totaling $4,118,209; HISC received 53 applications totaling $9,058,446. The Resources Working Group evaluated each proposal based on its applicability to the newly released Hawaii Interagency Biosecurity Plan (HIBP), the HISC & CGAPS 2025 Joint Strategic Plan, and priorities of the Regional Biosecurity Plan for Micronesia and Hawaii..

On August 27, 2020, the HISC approved the recommended budget from the Resources Working Group detailing funds for thirty-four (34) projects addressing interagency prevention, control, outreach, and research needs. Details for individual projects are below:

CONTROL

1. Hawaii Ant Lab/HAL Core Program

UH, Pacific Cooperative Studies Unit/PCSU, $208,000

Abstract: This proposal is for the provision of core funds that will allow the Hawai`i Ant Lab to provide ongoing support to the Hawai’i Invasive Species Council and to the general public. This funding maintains a “critical mass” needed to provide these support services. These funds provide approximately 40% of core costs. In past years, HDOA has provided a similar level of funding and the remaining 20% acquired from other sources.

UH PCSU HAL Core FY21 Final Report (to be posted upon completion of project)

2. Big Island Invasive Species Committee/BIISC Early Detection & Control

UH, Pacific Cooperative Studies Unit/PCSU, $597,097

Abstract: The Big Island Invasive Species Committee plays a key role in Hawaii’s Interagency Biosecurity Plan, ensuring there is effective early detection and response capacity on the island of Hawaii. The state has prioritized EDRR programs as the most cost effective way to address invasive species that have slipped through Hawaii’s Biosecurity System and become established. Effective EDRR programs use science to rank priorities and select strategies, collect data to track progress, partner with industry to reduce imports, work closely with the community, and have a demonstrable positive impact. For FY21, the BIISC seeks funds to support early detection surveys, eradicate 9 target species, assist with research, host the Plant Pono Nursery Endorsement, and develop new technology to improve efficiency.

UH PCSU BIISC Detection & Control FY21 Final Report (to be posted upon completion of project)

3. Big Island Invasive Species Committee/BIISC Rapid Ohia Death/ROD EDRR

UH, Pacific Cooperative Studies Unit/PCSU, $130,000

Abstract: The arrival of Rapid ‘Ōhi’a Death (ROD), a lethal and rapidly spreading disease caused by two invasive fungal pathogens (Ceratocystis lukuohia and C. huliohia), threatens the survival of Hawaii’s native forests, watersheds, and unique biodiversity. The Big Island Invasive Species Committee’s ROD Early Detection and Rapid Response (EDRR) Team is tasked with addressing this threat by conducting quarterly aerial surveys, finding new outbreaks, and attempting to contain the spread of the disease. More recently, BIISC has taken on a support role to ensure critical research objectives, to better understand and ultimately defeat this disease, are achieved. Requested HISC funds will support achievement of FY21 objectives to map, contain, and research new approaches to this disease.

UH PCSU BIISC ROD EDRR FY21 Final Report (to be posted upon completion of project)

4. Kauai Invasive Species Committee/KISC Early Detection & Rapid Response Program

UH, Pacific Cooperative Studies Unit,/PCSU $515,273

Abstract: Kauai has the largest array of endemic species in the Hawaiian archipelago and thereby holds the greatest risk of losing biodiversity. Despite its isolation, the continued introduction and spread of invasive organisms harms Kauai’s economy, water supply, native biodiversity, health, and the lifestyle and culture unique to this island. To deter risks, KISC functions as an island-wide rapid response team that helps coordinate and fill gaps in the multi-agency effort to prevent the establishment of new pests. KISC has created a highly effective early detection program that is continuously monitoring Kauai for invasion threats that have evaded port detection. KISC’s 17-year track record includes eliminating functioning populations of fireweed, coqui frog and little fire ant.

UH PCSU KISC EDRR FY21 Final Report (to be posted upon completion of project)

5. Maui Invasive Species Committee/MISC Detection & Control

UH, Pacific Cooperative Studies Unit/PCSU, $540,355

Abstract: Island wide early detection and rapid response actions across Maui and Molokai will target 30+ plant species, 3 vertebrate species, 5 invertebrate pests or pathogens, and 1 aquatic species. MoMISC will serve as an early detection center for agricultural pests. Control of little fire ants on Maui will be a high priority. Funds will help retain essential staff capacity (~10 FTE); provide helicopter time for early detection surveys on Molokai and aerial missions for miconia and pampas grass; and support detection and control of coqui frogs on both islands. The proposed work will implement key goals, strategies and priorities of the HISC and Interagency Biosecurity Plan.

UH PCSU MISC Detection & Control FY21 Final Report (to be posted upon completion of project)

6. Maui Invasive Species Committee/MISC Coqui Frog Control & Monitoring

UH, Pacific Cooperative Studies Unit/PCSU, $123,484

Abstract: Maui is at a crossroads: either coqui frogs can be contained at Maliko Gulch for eventual removal, or the frogs will continue spreading into outlying communities and elsewhere on the island, with control eventually becoming impossible. MISC has started a community empowerment program to assist with detection and control. The program puts tools in the hands of affected residents and utilizes a community-based social marketing approach to increase participation. This proposal seeks support for staff time, equipment and supplies to assist affected residents and to monitor progress. The proposed work is highly cost effective, with a $2.5M anticipated match from the County of Maui.

UH PCSU MISC Coqui Control & Monitoring FY21 Final Report (to be posted upon completion of project)

7. Maui Invasive Species Committee/MISC Little Fire Ant/LFA Control Program

UH, Pacific Cooperative Studies Unit/PCSU, $61,200

Abstract: The purpose of this project is to conduct little fire ant (Wasmannia auropunctata) detection and control operations on Maui, particularly at the Nahiku infestation. This infestation covers more than 100 acres of thick vegetation and is riddled with drainages. Control efforts have focused on places where people may move the ants or be affected by them and avoided waterways due to pesticide labeling restrictions. Now, control of the entire infestation has commenced. Recently, a pesticide for control in or near waterways received a special local needs label. The product (Altosid) is also approved for aerial application, which addresses terrain challenges. This is a proposal in conjunction with the Hawaii Ant Lab. The project offers a cost effective approach with more than a 1:1 match.

UH PCSU MISC LFA Control FY21 Final Report (to be posted upon completion of project)

8. Oahu Invasive Species Committee/OISC Early Detection & Control

UH, Pacific Cooperative Studies Unit/PCSU, $592,339

Abstract: The OISC proposes to continue its successful program of island-wide early detection, control and eradication of priority invasive species. The OISC strategy protects vast tracts of conservation areas with relatively little effort per acre. The OISC steering committee has prioritized for action 6 invasive plants and the 2 fungal pathogens that cause Rapid ʻŌhiʻa Death (ROD) due to the harm these species will cause to the island’s agriculture and watersheds. The OISC will conduct early detection for ROD using aerial surveys and reports from the public. Invasive plant surveys will be conducted in order to keep ahead of the invasion front. The OISC will work with partners to conduct host-specificity studies on a biocontrol for devil weed that has been tested and released in several other countries.

UH PCSU OISC EDRR FY21 Final Report (to be posted upon completion of project)

9. Landscape Scale Mosquito Control Coordination

UH PCSU, $30,500

Abstract: Conventional mosquito control methods cannot permanently suppress or eradicate mosquitoes in Hawaii, but new technological approaches offer feasible solutions to this previously intractable problem. One such approach is Incompatible Insect Technique (IIT). DLNR and partners at USFWS, ABC, CGAPS, and HDOH have jointly spearheaded a Steering Committee for Landscape Scale Mosquito Control, and are developing a roadmap for advancing the application of this technology in Hawaii for the benefit of forest birds as well as human health. Requested funds would support personnel costs associated with project coordination, including identifying key project tasks, benchmarks, and timelines; facilitating regular meetings of Steering Committee and tracking action items; collaborating with regulatory agencies.

UH PCSU Mosquito Control Coordination FY21 Final Report (to be posted upon completion of project)

10. Koolau Mountains Watershed Partnership/KMWP Incipient Albizia Control in Priority Watersheds

UH Pacific Cooperative Studies Unit/PCSU, $12,000

Abstract: Falcataria moluccana (albizia) is one of the fastest-growing trees in the world and has been shown to have lasting negative impacts on forest and watershed health in Hawaii. In FY19 & FY20, KMWP received funding from HISC to begin targeted albizia control in the Upper Waiawa watershed. KMWP proposes to continue control efforts with the goal of treating the remaining albizia and achieving regional eradication from this priority 1 watershed. The Waiawa watershed is the primary feed into the Pearl Harbor Aquifer which in turn produces over 11 million gallons of water/ day and provides fresh water to the majority of Oahu for drinking, agriculture, and municipal use.

UH CTAHR KMWP Albizia Control FY21 Final Report (to be posted upon completion of project)

11. Koolau Mountains Watershed Partnership/KMWP Biocontrol Blitz; Strategic Establishment of Tectococcus ovatus Biocontrol Agents Across the Ko'olau and Development of Novel UAS Deployment Techniques

UH Pacific Cooperative Studies Unit/PCSU, $17,000

Abstract: Strawberry guava is one of the most ecologically damaging invasive species in Hawaii. It creates dense monotypic stands increasing erosion, reducing watershed recharge, and contributing to biodiversity loss. In 2015 and 16 with funding from HISC, KMWP released the strawberry guava biocontrol agent, Tectococcus ovatus, at multiple sites in the Ko’olau mountains. KMWP is seeking funding to strategically expand introductions across the Ko’olau as well as develop new techniques to disburse agents via UAS.

UH PCSU KMWP PsiCat Biocontrol FY21 Final Report (to be posted upon completion of project)

12. Koolau Mountains Watershed Partnership/KMWP Tibouchina herbacea Control in Priority Watersheds

UH, Pacific Cooperative Studies Unit/PCSU, $15,000

Abstract: Since 2016, the KMWP has partnered with OISC and DOFAW to conduct control, monitoring and delimiting surveys for cane ti (Tibouchina herbacea) in the Poamoho Natural Area Reserve and adjacent Kamehameha Schools lands. At the end of FY19, the KMWP took the sole lead in the efforts to control this species area. The reason for this shift is mainly due to access. As it stands the KMWP is the only holder of a ROE and therefore can freely access the project site where as DOFAW and OISC personnel cannot access KS lands without a KMWP escort present. We propose to continue the control and suppression of cane ti along 13000 meters of Paukauila stream near the Koʻolau summit at the intersection of the Helemano, Poamoho and Punaluʻu watersheds.

UH PCSU KMWP Tibouchina Control FY21 Final Report (to be posted upon completion of project)

OUTREACH

14. Big Island Invasive Species Committee/BIISC Public Engagement

UH, Pacific Cooperative Studies Unit/PCSU, $145,909

Abstract: Success in public engagement is achieved when members of our community change behavior in a way that measurably advances the fight against invasive species. Now in its 21th year, the BIISC continues to increase the effectiveness and positive impact of our programs. The BIISC’s efforts have increased direct community participation in albizia & LFA control, and have raised demand for improved biosecurity among residents and decision makers. Training teachers in Rat Lungworm Disease led to the first detection of semi-slugs in Kohala. The Plant Pono Endorsement has stopped imports of a suite of invasive plants, and enlisted nursery owners as key partners. With the HISC’s support, the BIISC will continue to build strong, trusting relationships to do great work on the Big Island.

UH PCSU BIISC Outreach FY21 Final Report (to be posted upon completion of project)

15. Coordinating Group on Alien Pest Species/CGAPS Project/Outreach

UH, Pacific Cooperative Studies Unit/PCSU, $40,000

Abstract: CGAPS requests funds for partial payroll and operating costs for the Project/Outreach Coordinator (cost-shared by multiple agencies), and support for ongoing work on the Plant Pono website and on other collaborative sites such as www.StopTheAnt.org. Funds would also support the annual Stop the Ant campaign, which will again feature radio PSAs in each county and direct outreach in collaboration with outreach specialists and HAL. In addition, this year we propose a direct mail pilot project to affected communities on EDRR islands, and also to contract the services of Club Sullivan TV to produce a 5-minute video to engage new audiences to aid in EDRR. Funds would also support communications projects on biocontrol and priority initiatives from the 2025 strategic planning process and HIBP.

UH PCSU CGAPS Outreach FY21 Final Report (to be posted upon completion of project)

16. Kauai Invasive Species Committee/KISC Outreach

UH Pacific Cooperative Studies Unit/PCSU, $101,255

Abstract: Invasive species outreach and education is an integral component of on-the-ground control efforts by the KISC. Active community support and invested partners increase the KISC’s capacity by increasing detection and reporting of new invasive pests. The requested funding will provide salary for the KISC’s outreach staff and support for associated outreach materials and education programs. The HISC deliverables can be measured in project outputs. FY21 priorities include statewide and local outreach regarding inter-island biosecurity, priority pest species, decontamination protocols, and horticultural and agricultural best management practices. The KISC will track educational materials produced, audience numbers reached, and educational program participation.

UH PCSU KISC Outreach FY21 Final Report (to be posted upon completion of project)

17. Maui Invasive Species Committee/MISC Outreach & Education

UH, Pacific Cooperative Studies Unit/PCSU, $103,219

Abstract: Successful invasive species programs require effective outreach. The HISC funding will support 2.5 FTE and supplies and services on Molokai and Maui. Trained staff will engage students, teachers, policy makers, agencies, landscape professionals, tour guides, affected community members and the general public on invasive species issues. Approaches will utilize community-based social marketing and take advantage of print and broadcast media, presentations, community meetings, displays, and online websites and social media. Messaging will highlight rapid ohia death, biocontrol, and the statewide biosecurity plan as well as target species. Staff will use the Hoike curriculum in classrooms and workshops; collaborate on internship programs; and work closely with teachers and student volunteers.

UH PCSU MISC Outreach FY21 Final Report (to be posted upon completion of project)

18. Oahu Invasive Species Committee/OISC Outreach

UH, Pacific Cooperative Studies Unit/PCSU, $156,000

Abstract: Outreach is key to successful fieldwork. A supportive community helps identify and control priority invasive species. In FY21, the OISC will work with the statewide outreach working groups for Rapid ʻŌhiʻa Death, little fire ant and the HISC to collect and synthesize information and disseminate it to Oʻahu residents. The OISC will also work locally with affected communities to help them identify and control devil weed, little fire ant and naio thrips. The OISC will also provide our invasive plants and watershed health curriculum to science teachers, post information about invasive species to our Facebook, Instagram, Twitter and Vimeo accounts and acquire access for the OISC field crew to survey and control invasive species on private property.

UH PCSU OISC Outreach FY21 Final Report (to be posted upon completion of project)

19. Koolau Mountains Watershed Partnership/KMWP Increasing Awareness and Community Support for Albizia Related Projects on Oahu

UH, Pacific Cooperative Studies Unit/PCSU, $18,000

Abstract: Albizia is one of the fastest-growing trees in the world and has come to dominate significant portions of Oʻahu’s urban/forest interfaces, riparian zones, agricultural land, critical infrastructure corridors and low-elevation forests. This fast growing tree poses a major safety risk and annually cost utility companies millions of dollars in repairs. as branches frequently damage electrical lines and block roadways. In addition to the impacts to lower elevations, albizia trees are establishing in priority watersheds. This proposal focuses on increasing public awareness of albizia issues on Oahu by producing outreach materials for dispersal and education, engaging with school groups, informing and empowering the community to treat albizia on their own properties, and educating civic leaders.

UH PCSU KMWP Albizia Outreach FY21 Final Report (to be posted upon completion of project)

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RESEARCH

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FY21 Final Report (to be posted upon completion of project)

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24. Biological Control of Invasive Rubus Species

USDA-FS, $26,842

Abstract: This proposal aims to advance the research into biological control of two invasive plant species, Rubus ellipticus and Rubus niveus. Previous funding (State of Hawaii, HISC, USDA, HAWP) enabled the prioritization of selected natural enemies as potential biocontrol agents following surveys in the plants’ native range of the Indian Himalayan foothills and species taxonomic identification. Indian export permits are in place for four prioritized insect species. Initial host-range testing including closely related Hawaiian non-target species will be conducted in the UK for one of these insect agents following its recollection and export from India in 2019. Depending on the results, it is proposed to fully evaluate the selected agent or to recollect and assess other prioritized natural enemies.

USDA-FS Biocontrol of Invasive Rubus spp. FY21 Final Report (to be posted upon completion of project)

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FY21 Final Report (to be posted upon completion of project)

26. Plants of Hawaii Online Species Information System

Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum/BPBM, Botany Department, $66,792

Abstract: There is a vital need for updating our resources for plant identification and species information in Hawaii. We propose to bring the flora of Hawaii up to date with a new web portal which will feature dynamic keys for identifying plants and generating checklists as well as new descriptions, updated taxonomy, images and geographic distributions for all naturalized and native plant taxa. The species information system will aggregate data from several other systems and will serve as a curated repository for images and other digital media. The system, maintain by Bishop Museum, will be updated regularly as new data becomes available. It is our goal to make the Plants of Hawaii online species information system the most useful digital resource for plant research and identification in the state.

BPBM Botany Hawaii Online Species Information System FY21 Final Report (to be posted upon completion of project)

27. Investigating a Novel Method to Extirpate Hawaii's Most Prolific Marine Invasive, Leather Mudweed, Avrainvillea lacerata

UH, Department of Botany, $22,000

Abstract: Hawaii’s most noxious seaweed, the leather mudweed, Avrainvillea lacerata, formerly A. amadelpha, is dominant around Oʻahu and has recently invaded coastal Kauaʻi and Maui (Wade 2019). Despite substantial management and biocontrol efforts, no strategy successfully removes the plants’ buried and perennial holdfast. Regrowth is inevitable. We build on recent studies showing the injecting small doses of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) into a holdfast is effective and a new option to kill this invasive plant. There are no toxic by-products. Low concentrations of H2O2 (3 or 12%) reduce photosynthesis to zero for days, in experiments. Terrestrial plant applications may be found. If funded, 2019-20 field work will test large scale regional applicability at two Oʻahu regions with 100% invasive cover.

UH Botany Leather Mudweed/Avrainvillea lacerata Eradication FY21 Final Report (to be posted upon completion of project)

28. Biocontrol of Himalayan Ginger

USDA, Forest Service, $17,876

Abstract: Himalayan ginger (Hedychium gardnerianum) continues to pose a serious threat to Hawaii’s watersheds, invading forests to an extent beyond the scope of physical and chemical control. CABI has identified a variety of biological agents with potential to contribute to long term control of this intractable weed. With new permits for export from India, research into biological control has resumed under a 3-year collaborative work-plan and longer-term funding commitment from New Zealand. Further funds are needed to support work on the agent prioritised for H. gardnerianum in Hawaii, a shoot mining fly, Merochlorops cf. dimorphus. Further evaluation is needed to characterise the genetic variability of this fly and confirm its host range and impact before an application for release can be submitted.

USDA-FS Biocontrol of Hedychium gardnerianum FY21 Final Report (to be posted upon completion of project)

29. Evaluating Natural Enemies of Albizia (Falcataria moluccana) as Potential Biocontrol Agents

USDA, Forest Service, $89,893

Abstract: Self-perpetuating biocontrol is needed for long term management of albizia, which destroys native landscapes and threatens Hawaii businesses and taxpayers with many millions of dollars in damage. Building upon exploratory surveys completed in 2015-17, this project tests biocontrol potential for two arthropods and a rust pathogen and explores further for enemies attacking reproduction. We will collect, identify and evaluate enemies with partners in albizia’s native range (Indonesia) and secure permits for international shipment of promising agents for evaluation in quarantine. We will use albizia samples previously collected across the native range to generate genetic data to allow targeting natural enemies optimally adapted for biocontrol of albizia populations in Hawaii.

USDA-FS Biocontrol of Albizia FY21 Final Report (to be posted upon completion of project)

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FY21 Final Report (to be posted upon completion of project)

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Abstract: 

FY21 Final Report (to be posted upon completion of project)

32. Biocontrol of Invasive Melastomes

USDA, Forest Service, $81,810

Abstract: We request continuing HISC support for development of biocontrol agents for miconia, clidemia, tibouchina and other melastomes. We will conclude quarantine rearing and specificity testing of the gall wasp Allorhogas clidemiae that attacks fruits of Clidemia hirta in Brazil. We will continue collection and evaluation of its relative Allorhogas granivorus, galling fruits of Miconia calvescens; Ditylenchus gallaeformans, a nematode gall-former which attacks both clidemia and miconia; and Syphraea uberabensis, proposed for release against Tibouchina herbacea and related melastomes. These projects depend on having support to travel to collect agents and to foster joint studies with foreign collaborators, and support for staff to maintain insects and their host plants in quarantine.

USDA-FS Biocontrol of Invasive Melastomes FY21 Final Report (to be posted upon completion of project)

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Abstract:

FY21 Final Report (to be posted upon completion of project)

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FY21 Final Report (to be posted upon completion of project)

PREVENTION

34. Ballast Water and Hull Biofouling Program

DLNR, Division of Aquatic Resources/DAR, $86,000

Abstract: The State of Hawaii has a unique biological heritage that has inherent, cultural, ecological, and economic value. The islands’ geological history and biogeographic isolation provide a rich and distinct biodiversity that is threatened by introduced and invasive species. A report estimated that around 78% of the aquatic non-indigenous marine algae and invertebrate species arrived as hitchhikers in ballast water (BW) and as biofouling (BF). This proposal aims to minimize further introduction through coordinating policy development, outreach/education, stakeholder collaboration, vessel biosecurity risk assessments, monitoring efforts, and building capacity within Hawaii’s Ballast Water and Biofouling Program.

DLNR DAR Ballast Water & Hull Biofouling FY21 Final Report (to be posted upon completion of project)

 

FY21 HISC Call for Proposals

The Hawaii Invasive Species Council (HISC) provides interagency coordination and direction on invasive species issues in Hawaiʻi. Each year, the HISC creates an interagency budget to address projects that:

  • fill gaps between agency mandates and existing programs, or
  • advance our collective knowledge and tools through research and innovation.

The budgeting process for HISC funds includes several steps, including proposal submissions by applicants, evaluation by a committee comprised of HISC working group chairs and staff from the agencies that comprise HISC, preparation of a recommended budget by the HISC Resources Working Group, and review and approval by the voting Council members at a public meeting.

What’s New? HISC has updated the FY21 funding priorities for this proposal based on the HISC & CGAPS 2025 Joint Strategy that was developed in support of the Hawaiʻi Interagency Biosecurity Plan. There are now 6 priorities that incorporate the original HISC categories of prevention, control, research, and outreach. HISC staff provided a webinar on the application process along with an explanation of the new funding priorities. You can view the webinar HERE.

FY21 Funding Priority
Suggested Project Examples
1) Prevention & Early Detection/Rapid Response for New Terrestrial Invasions – to keep top terrestrial invasive threats from arriving and establishing in the state a. Develop taxa-specific early detection and rapid response strategies that can be implemented immediately in response to an emergency involving multiple agencies.
b. Conduct quantitative risk analyses and risk assessments to guide management decisions in early detection, rapid response efforts.
c. Develop Best Management Practices (BMPs) for reducing introduction and movement of invasive species at critical points such as airports, harbors, highways and procurement contracts.
d. Strengthen early detection and rapid response capacity on each island for regulatory agencies and partnership projects, including mobilizing species-specific teams for high-risk terrestrial incursions.
e. Conduct a legal review of the policies related to prevention and suggest amendments to improve policies
f. Identify and implement cost-effective tools, technologies, and strategies that improve early detection and rapid response at ports of entry.
2) Inter/Intra-Island Movement of Terrestrial Invasive Species – to reduce the spread of invasive species between and across islands. a. Develop and conduct quantitative risk analyses and risk assessments to identify and prioritize pest pathways and high-risk gaps for movement of terrestrial invasive species within Hawaiʻi.
b. Identify and implement cost-effective tools, technologies, and methods that improve management of interisland ports of entry.
c.  Utilize interagency partnerships to efficiently conduct early detection surveys on private and public lands and provide rapid response where necessary.
d. Creation and adoption of BMPs to control invasive species that state government agencies, counties, industry and private individuals can follow or require for actions on their lands.
e. Conduct a legal review of the policies related to inter/intra island and suggest amendments to improve policies.
3) Aquatic Biosecurity – to prevent the introduction and spread of aquatic invasive species. a. Supplement DAR’s ballast water and hull fouling projects that provide reporting, compliance, and data management that can be used to conduct risk analyses.
b. Develop aquatic rapid response plans to address high-risk vessels.
c. Identify and implement tools, technologies and methods that improve detection and/or management of priority aquatic invasive species and pathways.
d. Increase awareness for key stakeholders of their role and opportunities to help address aquatic invasive species introductions and spread.
e. Develop a list of high-risk aquatic species and prohibit their introduction to Hawaiʻi through petitioning HDOA for prohibited species.
4) Large-Scale Control of High-Impact Invasive Species – to expand management of widespread, high-impact species (e.g. mosquitoes, rats, marine algae). a. Evaluate and implement technologies for landscape-scale control of mosquitoes, with a particular focus on developing an Incompatible Insect Technique for Culex spp and Aedes spp.
b. Utilize partnerships to effectively control and eradicate established invasive plants, animals, and microorganisms on private and public lands.
c. Research and identify tools, technologies, and methods that are proven effective (or have potential) for large-scale control or eradication.
d. Develop and implement a model community engagement plan for large scale control or eradication projects.
e. Research on traps and/or toxicants to control invasive species.
5) Pacific Regional Biocontrol (Capacity) – to increase biocontrol work and critical infrastructure in Hawaiʻi. a. Advance development of biocontrol agents currently being evaluated for release in Hawaiʻi, including biocontrols for melastome spp, albizia, christmasberry, and Himalyan ginger.
b. Conduct host range testing for biocontrol agents that have been proven effective elsewhere to evaluate potential use in Hawaiʻi.
c. Build and maintain public support for 21st century biocontrol practices.
d. Raise support for pacific regional biocontrol capacity.
6) Engaged & Supportive Community – to maintain strong community support and mobilize action on these 2025 Joint Strategies. a. Development and dissemination of educational products (e.g. videos, brochures, posters, etc…) to communities, decision-makers, and allies.
b. Coordinate statewide and regional strategies and messages across lead agencies and partners.
c. Increase knowledge of the use social science and raise capacity for the effective use of social science and social marketing.
d. Engage educational partners and the medical community to increase public awareness about human health risks associated with invasive species and available mitigating actions, with a particular focus on mosquito-borne illness, rat lungworm disease, and toxoplasmosis.
e. Increase adoption of specific biosecurity behaviors at ports of entry (e.g. airports).
f. Provide assistance to community volunteer groups working to control invasive species.

The FY21 Call for Proposals, eligibility guidelines, and online application form for interagency funding from the Hawaii Invasive Species Council are now available at: https://hiscfunding.formstack.com/forms/fy2021.

FY21 Data Reporting Guidelines