Red-vented Bulbul (Pycnonotus cafer)
Importation into Hawaii is prohibited by Hawaii Administrative Rules. Considered a Hawaii State Injurious Species, it is prohibited to release Injurious Species into the wild; transport them to islands or locations within the State where they are not already established; or export outside the State.
- Bird with a black body, head and eyes, lighter gray underside, with patch of bright red feathers under tail
- About 20 cm (8.5 in) long
- Male & females look similar
- The only black bird in Hawaii with a crest on its head like a cardinal’s crest
- Native to Asia, from Pakistan to China, introduced to Hawaii as pets and illegally released into the wild in the mid 1950’s on Oahu.
- A major pest of agriculture and gardens. Feeds on fruits, vegetables, flower buds, and insects.
- Cost $300,000 in damages to orchids per year on Oahu
- Spreads the seeds of invasive plants, including miconia, ivy gourd and false kava.
- Aggressively chases other birds and competes with them for food and space. There is concern that they may compete with native birds where they co-exist.
Where is it invading?
- Kauai: Not known to be present. All sightings should be reported to KISC or HDOA.
- Oahu: Present in large numbers island-wide. Residents and agencies should prevent transport to neighbor islands.
- Maui: Not known to be present. All sightings should be reported to MISC or DOFAW.
- Big Island: Several sightings around the Mauna Lani area on the Kona side, sighting near Hilo. All sightings should be reported to BIISC or HDOA.