Invasive Species Profiles

The federal and state definitions for “invasive species” are broad, non-regulatory terms that describe any non-native species that causes or could cause harm to agriculture, natural resources, economy, or human health. In Hawaii, there are thousands of species that fit this broad definition of “invasive species.”

There is currently no regulatory list of “invasive species” in Hawaii. The HISC is in the process of developing administrative rules that would describe a small subset of species for which control and eradication over a large geographic area are still possible. This will include species like miconia, or little fire ants, which have substantial negative impacts but can still be managed at island-wide scales or on large geographic areas within islands.

The species below are not meant to represent a regulatory intent, nor is this a comprehensive list of species fitting the state “invasive species” definition. The species below are those for which the HISC has directed funding for research, and/or prevention and control actions. 

Name

Regulatory Status

Prevention / Control Category

Plants

 

 

Albizia (Falcataria moluccana)

 

MoMISC Target Species

BIISC Target Species

Australian Tree Fern (Cyathea cooperi)

 

MoMISC Target Species

Barbados Gooseberry (Pereskia aculeata)

 

KISC Target Species

MoMISC Target Species

BIISC Target Species

Bingabing (Macaranga mappa)

 

KISC Target Species

Bishop Wood (Bischofia javanica)

 

KISC EDRR Species

Blessed Milk Thistle (Silybum marianum)

 

MISC Target Species

Bodhi Tree (Ficus religiosa)

 

MoMISC Target Species

Bronze-Leaved Clerodendrum (Clerodendrum quadriloculare)

 

 

Butterfly bush (Buddleja davidii)

 

 

Cane Tibouchina (Tibouchina herbaceae)

Hawaii Noxious Weed List

OISC Target Species

Cape Ivy (Delaria odorata)

 

OISC Target Species

Cattail (Typha latifolia)

 

KISC Target Species

Cherokee Rose (Rosa laevigata)

 

 

Chinese Tallow Tree (Sapium sebiferum)

 

BIISC EDRR Species

Christmas Berry (Schinus terebinthifolius)

 

 

Cissus (Cissus repens)

 

 

Cogon Grass (Imperata cylindrica)

Hawaii Noxious Weed List

Federal Noxious Weed List

 

Common Rush (Juncus effusus)

 

KISC EDRR Species

Cotoneaster (Cotoneaster pannosus)

 

BIISC Target Species

Dahoon Holly (Ilex cassine)

 

BIISC Target Species

Devil Weed (Chromolaena odorata)

Hawaii Noxious Weed List

OISC Target Species

False Kava (Piper auritum)

 

KISC Target Species

Feathertop Grass (Pennisetum villosum)

 

KISC EDRR Species

Feathery Senna (Senna artemisioides)

 

 

Fire Tree (Myrica faya)

Hawaii Noxious Weed List

 

Fireweed (Senecio madagascariensis)

Hawaii Noxious Weed List

KISC Target Species

OISC Target Species

MoMISC Target Species

Flame Vine (Pyrostegia venusta)

 

 

Fountain Grass (Pennisetum setaceum)

Hawaii Noxious Weed List

KISC EDRR Species

OISC Target Species

MISC Target Species

BIISC Target Species

French Broom (Genista monspessulana)

 

 

Giant Reed (Arundo donax)

 

KISC Target Species

Glory Bush (Tibouchina urvilleana)

Hawaii Noxious Weed List

OISC Target Species

Gorilla Ogo (Gracilaria salicornia)

 

 

Gorse (Ulex europaeus)

Hawaii Noxious Weed List

 

Himalayan Blackberry (Rubus discolor)

 

OISC Target Species

Himalayan Ginger (Hedychium gardnerianum)

 

 

Himalayan Raspberry (Rubus ellipticus)

Hawaii Noxious Weed List

 

Hiptage (Hiptage benghalensis)

 

 

Hookweed (Hypnea musciformis)

 

 

Ivy Gourd (Coccina grandis)

Hawaii Noxious Weed List

KISC Target Species

MISC Target Species

Jerusalem thorn (Parkinsonia aculeata)

 

 

Kappaphycus Algae (Kappaphycus sp.)

 

 

Long-thorn Kiawe (Prosopis julifloria)

Hawaii Noxious Weed List

KISC Target Species

Maile pilau (Paederia foetida)

 

 

Mangrove, Red (Rhizophora mangle)

 

 

Medinilla Genus (Medinilla sp.)

 

 

Melastoma Genus (Melastoma sp.)

Hawaii Noxious Weed List

 

Mexican feather grass (Nassella tenuissima)

Federal Noxious Weed

OISC EDRR Species

Mexican Flame Vine (Pseudogynoxys chenopodioides)

 

 

Miconia (Miconia calvescens)

Hawaii Noxious Weed List

KISC Target Species

OISC Target Species

MISC Target Species

BIISC Target Species

Molucca Raspberry (Rubus sieboldii)

Hawaii Noxious Weed List

 

Mule’s Foot Fern (Angiopteris evecta)

 

 

Mullein (Verbascum thapsus)

Hawaii Noxious Weed List

MISC Target Species

New Zealand Flax (Phormium tenax)

 

MoMISC Target Species

Night Blooming Jasmine (Cestrum sp.)

 

 

Nile Tulip (Markhamia lutea)

 

BIISC EDRR Species

Oriental Bittersweet (Celastrus orbiculatus)

 

 

Pampas Grass (Cortaderia jubata, selloana)

Hawaii Noxious Weed List

KISC Target Species

OISC Target Species

MISC Target Species

BIISC Target Species

Plume Poppy (Bocconia frutescens)

Hawaii Noxious Weed List

 

Poison Devil’s Pepper (Rauvolfia vomitoria)

 

BIISC Target Species

Princess Tree (Paulownia tomentosa)

 

 

Purple Toadflax (Linaria purpurea)

 

BIISC EDRR Species

Rubbervine (Cryptostegia sp.)

 

KISC EDRR Species

OISC EDRR Species

MoMISC Target Species

BIISC Target Species

Ruby grass (Melinis nerviglumis)

 

 

Scotch Broom (Cytisus scoparius)

 

 

Season Vine (Cissus verticillata)

 

KISC EDRR Species

Smoke Bush (Buddleja madagascariensis)

 

 

Spanish Broom (Spartium junceum)

 

 

Spiked Pepper (Piper aduncum)

Hawaii Noxious Weed List

 

Stranvaesia Photinia (Photinia davidiana)

 

BIISC Target Species

Strawberry Guava (Psidium cattleianum)

 

 

Sweet Autumn Clematis (Clematis terniflora)

 

 

Tibouchina Genus (Tibouchina sp.)

Hawaii Noxious Weed List

BIISC EDRR Species

Tree of Heaven (Ailanthus altissima)

 

 

Tumbleweed/ Russian thistle (Salsola kali)

Hawaii Noxious Weed List

MoMISC Target Species

Wax Myrtle (Morella cerifera)

 

BIISC Target Species

 

 

 

Vertebrates

 

 

Axis Deer (Axis axis)

 

BIISC Target Species

Barn Owl (Tyto alba)

Hawaii Injurious Wildlife

 

Brown Tree Snake (Boiga irregularis)

Hawaii Injurious Wildlife

Federal Injurious Wildlife

 

Coqui (Eleutherodactylus coqui)

Hawaii Injurious Wildlife

KISC Target Species

OISC Target Species

MoMISC EDRR Species

MISC Target Species

 

Feral cats (Felis catus)

 

 

Jackson’s Chameleon (Chameleo jacksonii)

Hawaii Injurious Wildlife

KISC EDRR Species

Mongoose (Herpestes javanicus)

Hawaii Injurious Wildlife

Federal Injurious Wildlife

KISC Target Species

Red-masked Parakeet (Aratinga erythrogenys)

Hawaii Injurious Wildlife

 

Red-vented Bulbul (Pycnonotus cafer)

Hawaii Injurious Wildlife

 

Red-whiskered Bulbul (Pycnonotus jocosus)

Hawaii Injurious Wildlife

Federal Injurious Wildlife

 

Rodents

 

 

Rose-ringed Parakeet (Psittacula krameri)

Hawaii Injurious Wildlife

 

Snakes

Hawaii Injurious Wildlife

 

Ungulates

Hawaii Injurious Wildlife

 

Veiled Chameleon (Chameleo calyptratus)

Hawaii Injurious Wildlife

 

 

 

 

Invertebrates

 

 

Africanized Honeybee (Apis mellifera scutellata)

Hawaii Injurious Wildlife

 

Argentine Ant (Linepithema humile)

 

 

Big-headed Ant (Pheidole megacephala)

HDOA Pest for Control

 

Black Twig Borer (Xylosandrus compactus)

HDOA Pest for Control

 

Coconut Rhinoceros Beetle (Oryctes rhinoceros)

Hawaii Injurious Wildlife

HDOA Pest for Control

OISC Target Species

Coffee Berry Borer (Hypothenemus hampei)

Hawaii Injurious Wildlife

HDOA Pest for Control

 

Erythrina Gall Wasp (Quadrastichus erythrinae)

 

 

Fruit Flies

 

 

Little Fire Ant (Wasmannia auropunctata)

Hawaii Injurious Wildlife

HDOA Pest for Control

KISC Target Species

OISC Target Species

MoMISC EDRR Species

MISC Target Species

Mosquitos

 

 

Naio Thrips (Klambothrips myopori)

 

 

Nettle Caterpillar (Darna pallivitta)

Hawaii Injurious Wildlife

HDOA Pest for Control

 

Red Imported Fire Ant (Solenopsis invicta)

Hawaii Injurious Wildlife

HDOA Pest for Control

 

Small Hive Beetle (Aethina tumida)

Hawaii Injurious Wildlife

 

Snowflake Coral (Carijoa riisei)

 

 

Tropical Fire Ant (Solenopsis geminata)

 

 

Varroa Mite (Varroa destructor)

Hawaii Injurious Wildlife

 

 

 

 

Pathogens and Diseases

 

 

Banana bunchy top virus (Babuvirus banana bunchy top virus)

HDOA Pest for Control

MISC Target Species

ʻŌhiʻa rust (Puccinia psidii)

 

 

Rapid ʻŌhiʻa Death, ROD (Ceratocystis fimbriata)

 

 

West Nile Virus (West Nile Virus)