Injurious Wildlife

Injurious Wildlife


A Jackson's chameleon caught on Kauai in 2013. Jackson's chameleons are designated as injurious wildlife due to their impacts on native species, including snails. Photo credit: KISC

A Jackson’s chameleon caught on Kauai in 2013. Jackson’s chameleons are designated as injurious wildlife due to their impacts on native species, including snails. Photo credit: KISC

Under statutory authorities provided by Chapter 183D, Hawaii Revised Statutes, the Department of Land and Natural Resources maintains Hawaii Administrative Rules Chapter 124, which defines “injurious wildlife” as “any species or subspecies of animal except game birds and game mammals which is known to be harmful to agriculture, aquaculture, indigenous wildlife or plants, or constitute a nuisance or health hazard and is listed in the exhibit entitled “Exhibit 5, Chapter 13-124, List of Species of Injurious Wildlife in Hawaii…”

Under HAR 13-124-3 (d), no person shall, or attempt to:

  1. Release injurious wildlife into the wild;
  2. Transport them to islands or locations within the State where they are not already established and living in a wild state;
  3. Export any such species or the dead body or parts thereof, from the State.


Injurious Wildlife Export Permits

As authorized by the Board of Land and Natural Resources, the Division of Forestry and Wildlife may permit for export of injurious wildlife in certain situations. DOFAW will consider permit applications on a case-by-case basis, but general guidelines are as follows: 

  • Research, educational display, or exhibition (e.g., universities, zoos, museums): Project leaders should submit an export application along with a copy of a government-issued photo ID, and a letter on institutional letterhead describing the research and/or educational use of the exported individuals, along with a plan for safely collecting and transporting the individuals.
  • Personal use (e.g., as pets): DOFAW may issue a one-time permit per residence/family as follows:
    • For Hawaii residents moving out-of-state who already have injurious wildlife in their possession, DOFAW may issue a permit to export up to four animals per species of injurious wildlife. Any injurious wildlife in your possession that you are unable to export when you depart the State cannot be released into the wild, nor can they be transported to new locations in the State of Hawaii where that species is not already established.
    • For visitors to Hawaii who wish to export animals that are designated as injurious wildlife, DOFAW may issue a permit to export one animal per species of injurious wildlife requested. 
  • Commercial Use (e.g., for sale of animal parts or live organisms): No permits will be issued for commercial use. This policy avoids turning these harmful organisms into commodities that can be raised here in Hawaii and then exported to other states as part of the pet trade. The department often receives requests from individuals who would like to export injurious wildlife, especially Jackson’s Chameleon, for sale on the mainland, with the stated intent of also helping the environment by removing invasive species. While the intent is appreciated, these species are widespread and removing a handful of individuals for export would not provide a meaningful control method to benefit Hawaii’s environment. By preventing these species being used commercially, we hope to limit the interest in breeding these species for profit.

The DOFAW injurious wildlife export permit addresses state regulation of export only. It is incumbent on the applicant to ensure that all other regulations and policies relating to animal transport are followed, including but not limited to:

  • Collection permission/permits: If you are collecting animals from private property, you should first obtain landowner permission. If you are collecting from public lands, you may need a collection permit from the appropriate DOFAW district office. Contact information for DOFAW district offices can be found at or by calling the DOFAW administrative office at (808) 587-0166.
  • Regulations of other states: When exporting animals from Hawaii to any other location in the U.S., applicants must ensure compliance with any regulations of the receiving state regarding import or possession of the transported species.
  • Federal regulation: The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service maintains a separate list of federally-designated “injurious wildlife” under the Lacey Act with associated regulations. For more information, visit, or contact the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.
  • International regulation: Persons who want export to foreign countries chameleons or other injurious wildlife that are also regulated under the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) must also obtain a CITES permit from the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, who will require a copy of your DOFAW state export permit before issuing their own. Visit for a full list of species and permit instructions.
  • Airline policies: Individuals applying for an export permit are responsible for confirming with any airlines they intend to utilize as to whether the airline will allow animals to be hand-carried or held in the cargo area. Some airlines will not allow lizards to be hand-carried or included in luggage on their planes. In such instances, permittees may be able to send the animals via air cargo, with our permit attached.
  • Mail carrier policies: Export of injurious wildlife via the US Postal Service is not permitted. Use of private mail carriers such as FedEx or UPS is not permitted for personal-use exports. For research or educational permits, method of export will be considered on a case-by-case basis. Applicants should check with their intended private mail carrier to review policies for animal transport.

Permit applications are available online or may be obtained from the Department of Land and Natural Resources, Division of Forestry and Wildlife administrative offices at 1151 Punchbowl St., Room 325, Honolulu, HI, 96813, or by calling (808) 587-0166. Complete and return the permit application along with:

  • A clear photocopy of a government issued photo ID
  • A description of how the individuals will be transported and any regulations in your destination jurisdiction regarding import and possession of the requested species
  • If you are requesting animals for research or educational display, include a brief letter on your organization’s letterhead stating how the animals will be used in your program.

Scan and email all materials to [email protected] OR fax all documents attn: Sharleen Lee – DOFAW Fax: 808-587-0160. Where feasible research, educational, or exhibition permit applications will also be reviewed by the Invasive Species Coordinator for the Division of Forestry and Wildlife. Processing time is 1-5 days.

List of Injurious Wildlife Species

The current, official list of injurious wildlife in Hawaii can be found in HAR 13-124, Exhibit 5. Examples of injurious wildlife include:


  • Bubulcus ibis (Cattle egret)
  • All species in the family CETTIIDAE and associated allies (Warblers)
  • All species in the family COLUMBIDAE. Except the domesticated races of pigeons listed in HAR section 4-71-2, Columba domestica and Columba livia (Doves and pigeons)
  • Lonchura malacca (Mannikin or Munia, Black-headed Chestnut Mannikin)
  • All species in the family MUSCICAPIDAE (Old World Flycatchers)
  • Padda oryzivora (Sparrow, Java; Java Rice Finch)
  • All species in the family PSITTACIDAE (Parrots)
  • All species in the family PYCNONOTIDAE (Bulbuls)
  • All species in the family STURNIDAE (Starlings, Mynas)
  • All species in the family TIMALIIDAE (Old World Babblers)
  • Tyto alba (Barn Owl)
  • All species in the family ZOSTEROPIDAE (White eyes)


  • All species in Family Agamidae (Agamid Lizards)
  • All species in Family Anguidae (Anguid Lizards)
  • All species in the genus Anolis (Lizards, Anole)
  • All species in the Order Anura (Frogs)
  • All species in the Family Chamaeleonidae (Chameleons)
  • Gekko gecko (Gecko, Tokay)
  • All species in the Family Iguanidae (Iguana, Green)
  • All species in the genus Phelsuma (Gecko, Day)
  • All Species in Family Scincidae (Skinks)
  • All species in the suborder Serpentes, except Ramphotyphlops braminus and Pelamis platurus (All snakes)
  • All species in Family Teiidae (Whiptails and Tegus)
  • All species in the Order Testudines (All freshwater turtles and tortoises)
  • All species in the subfamily VARANOIDEA (Monitor lizards and Gila monsters)


  • Achatina fulica (Snail, Giant African)
  • Aethina tumida (Small hive beetle)
  • Apis cerana (Asian honeybee)
  • Apis mellifera scutellata (Africanized honeybee)
  • Corbicula fluminea (Clam, Asiatic)
  • Darna pallivitta (Nettle caterpillar)
  • Euglandina rosea (Snail, Cannibal)
  • Gonaxis kibweziensis (no common name)
  • Helix aspersa (Snail, European brown)
  • Hypothenemus hampei (Coffee berry borer)
  • Oryctes rhinoceros (Coconut Rhinoceros Beetle)
  • All species in the genera: Pomacea, Pila, and Cipangopaludina (Snails, Apple)
  • Solenopsis invicta (Red imported fire ant)
  • Wasmannia auropunctata (Little fire ant)
  • Varroa destructor (Varroa mite)


  • Herpestes javanicus (Small Indian Mongoose)
  • All species in the order ARTIODACTYLA, except for game mammals identified pursuant to chapter 123 (Even-toed ungulates)