Established: 1981, 2010
TMK: 1-8-12-3, 1-9-1-1, 2-4-8-19, 2-4-8-25
This reserve was established to protect some of the Big Island’s best wet native forest and unique geologic features. It’s located in the Puna and South Hilo districts.
The wet koa and ‘ohi‘a forest of this Reserve on the northeast flank of Mauna Loa are important habitat for some of Hawai‘i’s rarest birds, as well as several rare plants. A montane wet grassland occurs in the poorly drained portions of the Reserve.
Natural Communities: 3 total, none rare.
3 Carex alligata Montane Wet Grassland
3 Koa/‘ohi‘a Montane Wet Forest
3 ‘Ohi‘a/Hapu‘u Montane Wet Forest
Native Plants: 176 total taxa, 21 rare
Native Animals: 9 total taxa, 4 rare
- Pu‘u Maka‘ala Long Range Management Plan Management Plan (September 2013)
- Puu Makaala Final Environmental Assessment for Management Plan with all appendices October 2013
- Pu‘u Maka‘ala Fact Sheet
- He Mo‘olelo ‘Āina: A Cultural Study of the P‘u Maka‘ala Natural Area Reserve, District of Hilo and Puna, Island of Hawai‘i 2004, Kumu Pono Associates (2004)*
- Conservation District Use Permit 1340 Puu Makaala*
- Pu‘u Maka‘ala Executive Order 3102
* These documents were made prior to the 2010 Kulani extension so contain outdated boundary information.
Pu‘u Maka‘ala is within the Three Mountain Alliance (TMA). Please click here to read the TMA management plan which includes plans for Pu‘u Maka‘ala.