Kanaio Acres: 1,514  Established: 1991 – Executive Order 3530, 2015 Addition – Executive Order 4487 TMK: 2-1-002:002-0000, 2-1-003:054-0000, 2-1-003:050

This Reserve contains dry forest with communities of native shrublands and groves of native trees. There are large stands of Halapepe (pictured at right).

Kanaio harbors many endangered and rare native Hawaiian species:


  • Cenchrus agrimonioides var. agrimonioides (Endangered)
  • Polyscias sandwicensis (Species of Concern)
  • Capparis sandwichiana (Species of Concern)
  • Bonamia menziesii (Endangered)
  • Acacia koaia (Species of Concern)
  • Vigna o-wahuensis (Endangered)
  • Alphitonia ponderosa (Species of Concern)
  • Melicope hawaiensis (Species of Concern)
  • Santalum haleakalae var. lanaiense (Endangered)
  • Sideroxylon polynesicum (Species of Concern)
  • Nothocestrum latifolium (Endangered)


  • Manduca blackburni (Blackburn’s Sphinx moth) (Endangered)