Common Native Plants

Common Native Plants

cover image of common native plants

The Hawaiian Islands are home to an amazing array of unique plants. Today it is estimated that there are approximately 1,400 vascular plant taxa (including  species, subspecies, and varieties) native to the State of Hawai‘i, and nearly 90 percent of these are found nowhere else in the world. While the following plants are more common than others, the arrival of humans still brought new threats including the clearing of land for agriculture, the introduction of non-native plants and animals, wildfire, insect damage, plant diseases, and climate change.

The goals of conservation actions are to not only protect current populations, but to also establish further populations to reduce the risk of extinction. In addition to common statewide and island conservation actions, specific actions include surveying historic ranges for surviving populations, augmenting wild population and establishing new populations in safe harbors, monitoring for insect damage and plant diseases, developing research, and more to better manage and restore plant populations.

For more information: 

Rare Plant Program

Hawai‘i State Big Tree Program

ʻAkala

ʻOhelo

image of 'uki

ʻUki

image of ohia lehua

ʻŌhiʻa lehua

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ʻAʻaliʻi

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Alaheʻe

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Alani

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Amaʻu

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Hāpuʻu

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Hau

image of 'ie'ie

ʻIeʻie

image of ohia ha

ʻŌhiʻa ha

image of koa

Koa

image of Koki‘o ‘ula‘ula

Kokiʻo ʻulaʻula

image of lama

Lama

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Loulu

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Maile

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Māmaki

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Māmane

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Naio

image of naupaka kahakai

Naupaka kahakai

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Olonā

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Palapalai

image of Pāpala kēpau

Pāpala kēpau

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Uluhe